The article is devoted to the Romanian vers libre genesis and its identification among disordered verse forms in the Romanian poetry of the beginning of the 20th century. Our investigations are based on the innovative methods of verse analysis suggested by the Russian poetic science which are based on the quantitative analysis. By means of statistical analysis of the disordered oeuvres – verses without rhyme, meter and formal stanza – we found out that not all oeuvres with such features may be referred to as vers libre. Among such forms there are the oeuvres which do have some systematic characteristics coinciding with classical, tonic or heteromorphic forms.
Volumul XXVI (2021), nr. 1
Starting from a recently published memoir, authored by the British pilot Betrand Whitley, recounting his experiences during World War II, the present paper aims to emphasise the role played by the linguistic transfer of such texts from multiple perspectives. As such, in the case of texts originally written in one language, covering the subject of a different cultural space, the translation that pulls the text back into the language of the depicted space raises several issues. Fidelity is given by the negotiation between the meaning present in both linguistic instances, filtered by the style that encompasses an authorial stance on a foreignness that, through translation, needs to be reflected back into the familiar, as foreign.
The present paper analyses how Virgil Tănase and Șerban Foarță depict the oneiric group in works of fiction that are autobiographical in nature. The two texts that we have selected for the analysis are Playing Tag with Death and Show with Dimov. We are interested in what aspects and events the authors have selected to present in their recounts of the oneiric group and how these descriptions fit with previous portrayals of the group. Our approach takes into consideration how the writers revisit and reproduce the past, as well as the fictional practices that they utilize in the process of doing so.
The present study aims to analyse the ideological, economic and cultural grounds that configured the discourse that legitimised the role and the economic and social functions of socialist advertising in Romania. The research examined a text corpus compiled of articles and studies from scholarly publications, as well as treaties and textbooks from this field, which had been representative in their time. Moreover, the aim was to make a correlation between the aforementioned texts and the theoretical and institutional dynamics of socialist advertising from the “stages” characteristic to the development of the socialist commerce and economy in Romania (the stage of the ideological establishment – 1955-1963; modern socialist advertising – 1963-1973; advertising as a part of marketing – 1974-1989). Throughout these stages, from the viewpoint of the legitimising discourse of the socialist advertising, two types of discourse can be identified, namely the reactive discourse and the argumentative discourse.
The present paper aims to show the importance of analysing “cuteness” as a cultural phenomenon and to reveal the hidden meaning of “cute” / “kawaii” signs and symbols, omnipresent in the contemporary Japanese culture. Starting from Konrad Lorenz’s “baby schema”, elaborated in 1943, which revealed specific features that trigger the caregiving instinct, several cultural anthropologists and scholars like Brooks, V. & Hochberg, J., 1965; Kinsella, S., 1995; Nittono, H., 2016; Dale, J.P., 2016, etc. focused on explaining not only the physical characteristics which arouse our emotions, but also their cultural implications. “Cuteness” represents much more than a mere aesthetic, it is a subjective term, thus it strongly depends on one’s culture, language, communication style and ideals promoted within the society, which eventually determine what people perceive as “cute”.
The massive use of online platforms has contributed to an intensifying flow of collection, usage, and sharing of personal information of users. Technological development allows every form of user interaction to be transformed into data. The use of mobile devices on a large scale has added more dimensions to the online privacy debate. Within the theoretical framework of the protection motivation theory (PMT), our study aimed to analyse the privacy protection behaviour related to mobile communication. The motivation of individuals to protect themselves from threats depends on two aspects: a threat assessment and a coping assessment. We conducted eight group interviews with N=92 German early-stage adults regarding data privacy concerns and coping strategies. The conclusions drawn from our study are that respondents clearly showed a preoccupation with their mobile data protection, but they do not consider information protection in mobile communication as much of a choice. Users are aware that they have certain safety leverages to use in order to protect their data, but they are far more limited than those applied to online communication using computers. Technology is not necessarily friendly to information protective behaviour. Users identified some limited response efficacy measures to take so as to protect their privacy when it comes to app settings.
Our paper presents the results of an empirical research that was conducted last year in the Romanian business environment. The analyzed corpus comprises approximately 2000 associations of the sustainable development concept, all provided by 627 respondents (employees in the Romanian business environment whose main interest is to use information technology properly in order to create new paradigms and values that will help contribute to a more affluent, creative and harmonious society). The main aim of this paper is to analyse how the employees from the Romanian business environment grasp the concept of sustainable development and relate to it, firstly, on the linguistic level and secondly, on the cultural level. The point of departure is the standpoint that the sustainable development concept is based upon three main pillars: environment, economy and society and it focuses on social sub-themes. Within this framework, we consider cultural diversity and intercultural understanding through language and its infinite association possibilities. Through language, the individual relates to certain concepts and this is done affectively. Therefore, the concept related approach is not univocal, but it involves both positive (e.g., future, environment, education, growth, resources, recycle, responsibility, health, nature) and negative associations (e.g., climate change, global warming, compromise, poverty) which are always culturally conditioned.