Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis – a work whose manuscripts date to the 10th century – describes the voyage undertaken by Saint Brendan of Clonfert (cca 484–577) to find the so-called “Promised Land of the Saints”. Thus, the anonymous author of this writing reiterates a commonplace of classical literature, which he revisits from a Christian pastoral perspective: the mythical place of ancient Greek and Latin literature is now depicted as Terra Repromissionis Sanctorum, thus a place destined to those who follow Christian teachings and the lifestyle promoted by them. The entire imaginary of this Navigatio... is constructed starting from both classical and Christian sources, within an osmosis of symbols, literary motifs, and philosophical topics through which the author aims to turn his work into a writing meant to be read by both Christians and those not affiliated to the Church. In my study, I propose an analysis of some of the characters (individual or collective) within Navigatio... My hypothesis is that, similarly to other aspects of the work, it does not exhaust its meaning from the narrative perspective, because characters can be interpreted from the perspective of the fundamental themes of the Christian doctrines. Obviously, the interpretation I propose does not exclude others, while sometimes this view seems to be confirmed by corresponding excerpts of Vita prima... or Vita secunda..., both of them successive re-elaborations (thus reinterpretations) of Navigatio.
Volume XXII (2017), no. 1
The pseudo-Aristotelian Liber de pomo (Book of the Apple) is part of the pseudepigrapha genre which has enriched the Aristotelian corpus at the price of distorting Aristotle’s real teachings. The present article seeks to re-evaluate the protreptic dimension of the opuscule and its connection to the tradition of philosophical exhortations, such as Boethius’s Consolation of Philosophy. From this perspective, we aim to reconsider Manfred’s intention to translate the Book of the Apple by taking into account the very nature of a philosophical protreptic as manifested within both the text itself and the Prologue that Manfred attached to the Latin translation. Such an approach is motivated by our identification of a new source in Manfred’s prologue and our reattribution of the first proposition (allegedly from Liber de pomo) present in the Auctoritates Aristotelis.
The word deliberatio in the title of the work Deliberatio supra Hymnum Trium Puerorum ad Isingrimum Liberalem by Gerard of Cenad bears several meanings and its principal use is still to be discussed. We shall investigate the contexts and the possible sources in order to attempt a final conclusion regarding the multiple uses of the term and of the deliberatio as a practice.
The present paper aims at analysing the modern editions of Gerard of Cenad’s work, Deliberatio super hymnum trium puerorum, from the perspective of some revisable passages whose palaeographic and doctrinal analysis could lead to their likely original meaning. These passages convey the author’s opinion on the value of intellectual practice and on the rules for biblical hermeneutics and for the plurality of interpretations.
John of Salisbury’s main political treatises, the Metalogicon and the Policraticus were not only published together, but also contain structural and thematic links, which suggest the author’s intention of having the two works treated as a whole. The present article is targeted at highlighting the connections between the two texts, especially Salisbury’s vision on language, seen as metatopic of both treatises. For this purpose, Christophe Grellard and Frederique Lachaud’s Companion to John of Salisbury serves as the main critical source of bibliography.
The present paper aims to reconsider our approaches to the suppositio theory (in the particular case of Peter of Spain`s Summaries of logic) in light of a new hypothesis of the double nature1 of medieval logic. Starting from the existing points of view, i.e. the theory of suppositio as a theory of reference and suppositio as a theory of an untranslatable, this paper will examine their underlying commitments to the nature of medieval logic. Such an analysis will entail for the former approach a commitment to a formal nature, while for the latter to a non-formal one. The possibility of a new approach emerges when both natures can be traced in Peter`s theory.
The article discusses an anonymous, late medieval philosophical text, followed by its first critical edition that sets the main differences between via antiqua and via moderna, the two major philosophical parties of the second half of the 14th,and the 15th century. The phenomenon of the two ways originated in the quarrels between the Parisian realist and nominalist philosophers, and moved away to Central Europe through the departure of the German nation masters and students from Paris towards the newly founded Central European universities. Thus, due to its reference apparatus, discussed problems, and academic and historic context, the text appears to be included in the via moderna tradition, as an apologetical endeavour to sustain the modern cause.
Based on Petrarch’s epistle De ignorantia, the present paper offers a critique of the thesis of the modern demarcation of humanism proposed by Th. E. Mommsen, a thesis that still causes reverberations within the scholarly literature that focuses on Petrarch. The paper analyses Petrarch’s stance on what he calls medium nostrum tempus in relation with Antiquity and the way in which his notion of darkness represents a means to delimit humanism within a Christian philosophy of history based on ethics. The conclusion of the paper shows that Th. E. Mommsen’s interpretation, together with other contemporary readings of humanism must be recalibrated in accordance with the practical and eschatological finality that Petrarch gave to his notion of studia humanitatis.
The article seeks to describe the manuscript Erfurt/Gotta, Universitäts und Forschungsbibliothek CA 2o 110 which contains Johannes de Wasia’s (d.1395) abbreviation of Alphonsus Vargas’ Sentences commentary and to give the complete list of the quaestiones treated in the prologue in order to compare Wasia’s work with his source, Alphonsus Vargas.
In this paper, I examine a number of exercises of invention in which images play a role, in an attempt to find out whether the function of the images within these exercises has any connection with the cognitive value of the different types of invention, and whether it can offer any indication about their position within Bruno’s art. I try to show that all these exercises correspond to different phases in Bruno’s project of improving the model of invention derived from the Lullist art by giving images a more important role in the various forms of information processing.
To treat the significant historical and cultural role of the Dominican Order which celebrated 800 years of its existence last year, one must reach back to its beginnings. The Dominicans trained preachers already from the 13th century in their special university system called studium generale, independent from the organization of secular universities, providing them with a thorough theological background and proficiency in argumentation. However, books and libraries were also needed for education, and the Dominican friars had always paid great attention to the development of these. The subject of the present study also lies within this field of research, offering a review of the libraries of the medieval Transylvanian vicariate of the Dominican Order, with a short excursus on the development possibilities of the book collections and the storage and recording of books.
This paper discusses the influence of Suárez’s Disputationes Metaphysicæ on Descartes as can be discerned from one of the latter’s little researched letters: CDXVIII (AT IV 348-350). The French philosopher is not only clearly influenced by scholastic ideas but he also heavily employs the scholastic terminology as systematized by Suárez. Descartes gives the reader the feeling that, even when he wants to distance himself from the scholastic thought, he nevertheless does this by using its language.
In the last few years, the Digital Humanities have gained more and more attention from the medievalists because of the perceived advantages in encoding and analyzing digital critical editions. But there are many challenges for the scholars working on medieval philosophical texts. We shall try to identify some of these challenges and to discuss some solutions on three subjects: critical editions in digital format, organizing a digital corpus, and computer analysis. A general conclusion emerges from the principles and illustrations discussed here: the issues must be addressed through critical thinking in order to achieve relevant and accurate results.